calcined petroleum coke ban using method

Method of reducing airburning in petroleum coke - …

1994/5/12· A method of reducing the airburning tendency of petroleum coke and carbon anodes made therefrom includes calcining the coke and spray quenching the calcined coke with an additive-containing water. The additive includes an effective amount of a compound of aluminum which is soluble in …

Technical Support Document for the Titanium Dioxide Production Sector: Proposed …

the calcined petroleum coke. The IPCC Tier 1 method was used to determine process-related CO 2 emissions from the facilities presented in Table 1, because production capacity was the only facility-level data available (see

Steel Mill - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Brazilian green petroleum coke is produced by state-owned Petrobras which started production in 1972, using Lummus technology, and later developed its own technology. The increase in the production of oil having a high percentage of heavy fractions with low sulphur content encouraged investments for the erection of delayed coking units, which are required for the production of good quality petroleum coke.

Petroleum Coke - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Petroleum coke can be fired in coination with coals or heavy oils in circulating fluidized bed boilers; alternatively, it can be fired as the sole fuel. Some examples of petroleum coke firing in fluidized bed boilers are shown in Table 5.16. Other examples of CFB

Utilization of Biocoke as Raw Material for Carbon Anode …

in Table 1) using the same calcination conditions as the ones in the TGA. The large sample was placed in a container that was surrounded by filler coke (calcined petroleum coke used for protection). Table 1 Materials used in the study and their calcinationno.

IS 1448-130 (1988): Methods of test for petroleum and its products, Part 130: Determination of vibrated bulk density of calcined petroleum coke

of calcined petroleum coke porosity which affects its suitability for use in pitch-bonded carbon appliions. 3.2 WARNING - Vibrated bulk density for a sample of calcined petroleum coke is strongly dependent upon average particle size and

Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum …

Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants 2nd Edition R. A. Kishore Nadkarni ASTM Stock No. MNL44–2nd ASTM International 100 Barr Harbor Drive PO Box C700 West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 e-mail: [email protected]

A SAXS outlook on disordered carbonaceous materials …

2019/9/1· Synthetic graphite (graphite hereafter), calcined petroleum coke (CPC) and active carbon (AC) are commercial powder samples from Imerys (graphite and CPC) and Kurarai (AC). Sugar based hard carbon powder sample (SHC) was prepared from the pyrolysis under argon at 1050 °C for 12 h of dewatered sucrose, followed by hand grinding.

Petroleum Coke Use in India and South Asia: Recent Trends and Emerging Policy Options …

Petroleum Coke Use in India and South Asia: Recent Trends and Emerging Policy Options Abstract: If there ever was a standard oil, it no longer exists. As conventional oil stores deplete, new oils are replacing them, including ultra-light oils produced by hydraulic

alytic Reforming of Iraqi Naphtha over Pt-Ti / HY Zeolite alyst

then calcined at 525 oC for 3 hr [8], [9]. Preparation of Pt-Ti/HY alyst A 100 g of prepared HY-zeolite powder was used for preparation of 0.13 and 0.25 wt.% Pt and different concentration of Ti 0.75,1 by co-impregnation method over

PETROLEUM COKE: ESSENTIAL TO MANUFACTURING

Petroleum coke, or petcoke, is a product produced from all types of oil (light/heavy crudes) during the oil refining process. Many different products are extracted from a barrel of crude oil in addition to gasoline, diesel and jet fuels. Petroleum coke just one of the

Innovative unconventional oil extraction technologies …

2014/8/1· It injects an electrically conductive material such as calcined petroleum coke into the hydraulic fractures created in the oil shale formation which then forms a heating element . Heating wells are placed in a parallel row with a second horizontal well intersecting them at their toe.

Structure in metallurgical cokes and carbons as …

1981/5/1· The optical texture of flow-type anisotropy and flow domains of calcined coke from Ashland A240 petroleum pitch is shown in Figure 9. The etched surface of this area Figure 4 SEM of surface of coke from St. John Gellideg (CR 204) coal, HTT 1273 K, oxidized in chromic acid, 1.5 h at 393 K Figure 5 Optical micrograph of surface of coke from Clipstone Low Main (CR 602) coal and A200 pitch, HTT …

Petroleum coke - Wikipedia

method for measuring the real density of calcined petroleum coke, no statement on bias is being made. NOTE 3—The reproducibility value reflects the overall reproducibility covering all makes of pycnometers used in this work. 14. Keywords 14.1 calcined density

A Method for the Rapid Characterization of Petroleum …

A method was developed and successfully applied to green and calcined coke reducing the interpretation time of a sample down to about twenty minutes. The sample preparation and interpretation methodology is described and examples presented, including a case study of how the method was used to guide raw material blend decisions across Rio Tinto Alcan’s North American sites.

The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum Coke …

2014/12/20· The History and Future Challenges of Calcined Petroleum Coke Production and Use in Aluminum Smelting LES EDWARDS1,2 1.—Rain CII Carbon, Covington, LA 70433, USA. 2.—e-mail: [email protected] Calcined petroleum coke is used for the production of

US5143689A - Method for determining the coefficient …

239000011329 calcined coke Substances 0.000 abstract description 6 239000002008 calcined petroleum coke Substances 0.000 abstract description 2 238000005087 graphitization Methods 0.000 abstract description 2 238000003754 machining Methods 0.000

Coke

Standard Test Method for Real Density of Calcined Petroleum Coke by Xylene Displacement 1.1 This test method covers the determination of the real density (RD) of calcined petroleum coke. Real density, by definition, is obtained when the particle size of the test specimen is smaller than 75 m (No. 200 sieve). 1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

Calcined Petcoke Market Size & Size | Industry Analysis …

Anode grade calcined petcoke, also called Raw Petcoke (RPC) or Green Petroleum Coke (GPC), is a low-quality product with a high content of carbon. It is projected to accounts for around 20% of the market share and is used as a carburizing agent to balance the carbon content during the process of …

Characterization of differing forms of unburned …

2001/5/1· The utilization of unburned carbon as replacement for calcined petroleum coke in the production of carbon artifacts has also been investigated, where the density of green carbon bodies prepared with unburned carbon was similar to that of conventional carbon. 4.

(PDF) Calcinations of Petroleum coke - ResearchGate

Calcined petroleum coke (CPC) is the product from. calcining petroleum coke. This coke is the pro duct of the. Coker unit in a crude oil refinery. The calcined petroleum coke. is used to make

Thiophenic Sulfur Transformation in a Carbon Anode …

The effect of sulfur and calcium impurities on coke reaction was investigated by simulating petroleum coke with low-impurity pitch coke and via impurity doping.

Oxbow Calcining LLC MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Calcined petroleum coke is not considered to be hazardous as defined by OSHA’s Hazard Communiion Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200. Calcined petroleum coke is considered to be an inert material. Calcined Petroleum Coke CAS NO. 64743 – 05 – 01

Refining Community | » Topic: Need a method for …

2011/5/16· The only thing will remain to use a pycnometer, and to test the density of coke. Classic method for determine the solid matter with pycnometer. I will make 20-30 density determination using this method on various piece of coke and I will make an average density for green coke that can be applied in our refinery.

Determination of L in calcined petroleum coke according to …

Calcined Petroleum Coke (CPC) is produced from “green” petroleum coke, which is a byproduct of oil refining. the crystallite size in CPC samples using Rietveld’s method with MAUD and JADE as well as according to ASTM D5187. Find out more at All rights

Oxbow Calcining LLC MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

Calcined petroleum coke is not considered to be hazardous as defined by OSHA’s Hazard Communiion Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200. Calcined petroleum coke is considered to be an inert material. Calcined Petroleum Coke CAS NO. 64743 – 05 - 01 3 3

Thermo-Physical Properties of Petroleum Coke during …

Water cooling of coke (breeze or 30–40 mm lumps) directly after calcining does not harm the basic properties of the coke. 3. Petroleum coke with lump size less than 40 mm should be calcined not

A SAXS outlook on disordered carbonaceous materials …

2019/9/1· Synthetic graphite (graphite hereafter), calcined petroleum coke (CPC) and active carbon (AC) are commercial powder samples from Imerys (graphite and CPC) and Kurarai (AC). Sugar based hard carbon powder sample (SHC) was prepared from the pyrolysis under argon at 1050 °C for 12 h of dewatered sucrose, followed by hand grinding.